TIL – Today I learned

20200914
There is a major difference between PyQt5 and PySide: the frequency of the release of the GIL determine show responsive the ui can become with several threads: https://bugreports.qt.io/browse/PYSIDE-803?focusedCommentId=496894&page=com.atlassian.jira.plugin.system.issuetabpanels:comment-tabpanel#comment-496894

20200903
Nice page for comparison of rivalling tools, languages and devices: https://www.educba.com

202006017
(also a todo)
While following the ususal trailing-whitespace-discussion I’ve checked if not a pre-commit-hook (for git) could solve the issue. Yes, it can. Then I trailed a bit further to something purely python-specific: https://ljvmiranda921.github.io/notebook/2018/06/21/precommits-using-black-and-flake8/
Should try this. Currently I use no linter or formatter for python.

20200409:
Check (inside a delegate) if inside the current model (of the QTableWidget) is already the newly entered name (string):

The model is actually a QAbstractItemModel.

20200306:
Get short summary of all the changes since certain tag/id until now (head of master):
$ git log --pretty=oneline --abbrev-commit oldTag..HEAD

20200302:
Build the Qt-SDK with asserts in release-mode:
qglobal.h:

See: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/12573230/q-assert-release-build-semantics/12573446#12573446

20200229:
Problem: files added to .gitignore, but they still show up as changed?
Cause: they were version controlled at least once before
Solution: remove them from the cache

20200225:
Visual Studio 2015, C#: running an unit-test multiple tims via the UI is not possible.
Solution: create a unit-test, which runs the respective test several times ..

20200213:
homebrew (brew) quick-guide for macOS:
brew update – update the current state and brew itself
brew outdated – show which packages are not up-to-date
brew upgrade – clean, new shiny everything ..

more commands ..

20200212:
grep hints
-n : show linenumbers
-i : case-insensitive search
-v : inverted match

20200210:
Also my personal opinion and way to handle it, if I have the freedom: Dead code should be removed Else the next developer who checks a certain code-block starts to wonder (is this necessary or not?) and has now two issues to worry about 🙂

20200124:
When using heob for memory-profiling and doing leak-analysis with QtCreator, set “-oleaks.html” into the Extra Arguments field, and see if the generated leaks.html meets your needs.

20200115:
Create polls for finding a date (without Doodle): Framadate@digitalcourage

20200110:
Acquired today the KDAB-badge (besides the one from Microsoft) by helping them with their homebrew-recipes (Ruby, which I totally don’t use ..) for GammaRay xD
Not sure for what this is good for.

20200108:
Ok, current ‘location’ blocks certain pages, but I want to check the catcam!
Solution: use a in-browser page-renderer like https://www.browserling.com/browse/win/7/firefox/68/miezmiezmiez.tumblr.com

20191211:
Consulted the Qt-documentation about QMetaObject while developing a new feature … “This class is not normally required for application programming, but it is useful if you write meta-applications, such as scripting engines or GUI builders.” xD #madeMyDay #Qt

20191202:
‘warning: padding class ..’-hint from GCC explained. And how to avoid wasted space.

20191112:
For the ten-thousandth time: restore an accidentally closed tab in Firefox: CTRL+SHIFT+T

20191111:
‘systeminfo’ cmd for CMD on Windows prints lots of useful OS- and network-related information.

20191002:
Primer for C#/.NET: https://www.dotnetperls.com/array

20190917:
If there is a type-conversion problem in your code, you get the mangled names: h and j, but for what do they stand?

C++ name demangling can help: c++filt

20190902:
C++; minGW; undefined reference at link-time even if everything seems right?
Did you forget to add a XYZ_EXPORT flag to the class declaration?

20190828:
Print readme.md-files (or whatever markup) in a fashionable way: try gitprint by using the github-url to the document and replace github->gitprint.
example: https://gitprint.com/google/googletest/blob/master/googlemock/docs/for_dummies.md?print

20190822:
macOS names and numbers:

for everyone who preferes numbers over names:
Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard
Mac OS X 10.7 Lion
OS X 10.8 Mountain Lion
OS X 10.9 Mavericks
OS X 10.10 Yosemite
OS X 10.11 El Capitan
macOS 10.12 Sierra
macOS 10.13 High Sierra
macOS 10.14 Mojave <– current
macOS 10.15 Catalina <– upcoming

20190813:
Creating a smol program which calls some DLL-functions (also C#) results at runtime before even the very first breakpoint is reached something like:
An unhandled exception of type 'System.BadImageFormatException' occurred in mscorlib.dll
Solution: make sure DLLs and code use the same target framework version for .NET! Both 3.5 in my case. Can be done via “solution > properties”.

20190722:
Save and/or view openCV-mask (image) as picture for evaluation:

20190718:
Converting from a QVariant-container back to your arbitrary container of custom class:
inVariant->getProperty(propertyString).value<QList>();
toList() on non QVariant-convertable items will yield a list of size 0 and this is unexpected when the gdb can show the QVariant’s contents.
Also check that tutorial before worrying again too much xD

20190626:
Get all findings with grep but without path or line-number:
git grep -h "de <Q"

20190613:
Sometimes a warning about “Prior to the resolution of a defect report against ISO C++11 ..” a warning by the code-model of QtCreator is given (due to -Wreturn-std-move-in-c++11 ), which can be suppressed by adding a std::move(returnValue) to the return.

20190612:
Fucked something up? Revert all changes and make sure no artifacts (which are not version-controlled) remain:

20190528:
Ifdef in InnoSetup-scripts are possible and usable. StackOverflow also mentions that setting their value by commandline should be possible: call with “/DUSE_SPECIALCOMP 1

20190522:
C# bootcamp continues – learning things the hard and fast way.
Yesterday I broke a lot of tests by just converting structs to classes and adding default inits to the values. Could mbe due to the mix with C-functions ..
Found a way around: keep as struct, but add the default ctor for the struct with optional params for each field. Like:

Special characters for the XML-comments have to be HTML-escaped (or use CDATA): < would be < ..

handling of the IDE (Visual Studio 2015):

  • auto-format code with Visual Studio 2015: CTRL+K, CTRL+F
  • close the current file: CTRL + F4
  • go to the last view: CTRL + –

20190521:
I made it my task to acquire as much C#-knowledge as possible, because a tiny part of the project is some C# SDK and we needed a volunteer to groom it. Guess who raised his hand? 😉

StructLayoutAttribute:
Before it was applied to a struct, does it work for class too? Documentation says: “You can apply this attribute to classes or structures.
Typically, the common language runtime controls the physical layout of the data fields of a class or structure in managed memory. However, if you want to arrange the class or structure needs in a certain way, you can use StructLayoutAttribute. Explicit control of a class layout is important if the class is to be passed to unmanaged code that expects a specific layout.”

Visual Studio (2015) quick help:
F12 : jump to implementation
CTRL + “-” : go back to last view

More later – maybe I make a real blog-entry out of it.

20190430:
Even big corporate repositories are not shiny and polished: but this is just another opportunity for me to participate. Found some typos in the documentation of Microsoft’s SymCrypt. Solved it and created a pull request 🙂

20190429:
Even Qt 5.11 (5.12 is latest, I know) treats big chunks of data with the idea “Oh, size of an object won’t be bigger than what fits into 31 bit” and boom, here hits you the well-known 2 GiByte-limit. This is super annyoing if you use a QByteArray or QDataStream::writeRawData / QDataStream::readRawData.
So I rewrote those calls to separate the data into chunks of 1 GiByte and write/read them sequentially. Works, but somehow felt slower and the code becomes uglier. Bit it works, yay!

20190425:
Win, Cmake, MinGW, Qt 5.12: suddenly after switching from Qt 5.11 an errror while starting the app popped up: “This application failed to start because no Qt platform plugin could be initialized. Reinstalling the application may fix this problem. Available platform plugins are: direct2d, minimal, offscreen, windows.”
Copying the “platforms”-folder to the location where the executable is, did not help (like it should). The Cmake already deploys properly.
Workaround was found via one hidden stackoverflow-comment, because I can’t use the windeploy-tool here.
So: create a file names “qt.conf” with content inside the exe-directory:
[Paths]
Prefix = .

20190404:
How to reset the state of the filesystem of the git-repo to “just like after checkout”: $ git clean -xfd

20190401:
QtCreator: Alt+Enter on a member opens the context-menu for refactoring (“Create Setter/Getter functions”). Better this than RMB + clicks for each member.

20190401:
Parsing XML files with Qt/C++: QXmlQuery was not my way to go – QDomDocument/QDomNodeList and QDomElement were my friends. Example: read node P and put as double into a QVariant.
QDomElement const elemP = node.firstChildElement("P");
QVariant vP = elemP.text().toDouble();

20190214:
C++ has (now) a quite nice way to determine the supported number of threads: std::thread::hardware_concurrency();
See: https://en.cppreference.com/w/cpp/thread/thread/hardware_concurrency

20190207:
Experienced first time in QtCreator “FTH: (15020): *** Fault tolerant heap shim applied to current process. This is usually due to previous crashes. ***”
Better explanation than I could provide here: https://forum.qt.io/topic/94341/fault-tolerant-heap-shim-error

20190129:
There is a map where you can check where which SSID (wifi identifier) was found: https://wigle.net/

20180920:
Visual Studio 2013 (at least) has an integrated ico-file-editor which is quite convenient for painting application-symbols. Integrating it to some qmake-project (Cullendula) was simple.

20180918:
* C plus equal: the feminist version of C++. Not sure if this is nice, obscure or a joke? I had some good laughs while reading the manual and the examples. https://github.com/TheFeministSoftwareFoundation/C-plus-Equality

20180917:
* github.io – and how to create my own (https://marcelpetrick.github.io/)
* The void operator()() for C++. Nice for iteration of containers.
* boost::accumulators for easier data-collection: nice for min, max, mean, etc.

20180913: Use a lambda-expression for delayed triggering of a function-call.

20180904: the online-installers for Qt5.11 and Visual Studio 2017 Community Editon will download 18 GiByte during installation :’)

20180903: how to configure and use cmake for an originally qmake-based project. And even the linking works now. More later 🙂

20180826: std-lib has some pretty nice random-number-generators (Mersenne-twister), which can be seeded properly with system-time:

20180824: Lambda-expressions in Qt-slots are quite nice for “one liner”-functions. Saves much space.